A Group of the American Academy of Religion

October 1997; Volume 20, no. 3

Kelly Bulkeley, Editor; D. Andrew Kille, Layout















AAR ANNUAL MEETING November 22-25 San Francisco, California


  • Market Economy and Caregiving
  • Book Discussion with Author James W. Jones: Religion and Psychology in Transition:Psychoanalysis, Feminism, and Theology


  • Work in Progress
  • Business Session
  • Spirituality in Therapeutic Contexts


  • Anthropological Psychology of Religion


  • Spirituality in Contexts: Further Explorations


  • The Future of Religion and Psychological Studies

Pre-session I: Friday, Nov. 21 2:00 pm-6:15 pm P-Parc Ballroom I

2:00 Theme: The Market Economy is not a Garden: The "Free" Market Impact on Caregiving

Andrew Kille, GTU, and Christopher Ross, Wilfrid Laurier University, Presiding

Ruth Given, California Medical Association: The 'Free Market' Impact on Caregiving

4:00 Break

4:30 Book Discussion with Author:
James W. Jones: Religion and Psychology in Transition: Psychoanalysis, Feminism, and Theology

Lee Butler, Chicago Theological Seminary, Presiding

Respondents: Diane Jonte-Pace, Santa Clara University; Bonnie Miller-McLemore, Vanderbilt University; James W. Jones, Rutgers University

Pre-session II: Saturday, Nov. 22 9:00-11:30 am P-Da Vinci II

9:00 Theme: Work in Progress
Lucy Bregman Temple University, Presiding

9:45 Business Meeting
Sandra Lee Dixon, University of Denver, Presiding

10:30 Theme: Spirituality in Therapeutic Contexts

Mary Ellen Ross, Trinity University, Presiding

Michael C. Mitchell, Boston University: Symbol as Selfobject: A Function of Religious Symbolism in Mental Illness

Kathleen Greider, Claremont School of Theology: "Much Madness is Divinest Sense": Persons with Emotional Disabilities Discuss Spirituality

Main Session I: Saturday, Nov. 22 1:00-3:30 pm H-Union Square 14

Theme: Anthropological Psychology of Religion
Kelly Bulkeley, Graduate Theological Union, Presiding

Franz Aubrey Metcalf, University of Chicago: Toward a Cultural Psychology Grounded in Object Relations

A. Gregory Schneider, Pacific Union College: The Passions of Phoebe Palmer: A Cultural Psychology of American Holiness Religion

Bernard T. Adeney, Berkeley, CA: The Paradox of Suffering in the Spiritual Experience of an Indonesian Muslim Mystic

Peter Yuichi Clark, Emory University: Takeo Doi's Amae Theory: Implications for the Psychology of Religion through the Lens of a Test Case

Main Session II Monday, Nov. 24 1:00-3:30 pm H-Union Square 14

Theme: Spirituality in Contexts: Further Explorations
John McDargh, Boston College, Presiding

Matthew G. Condon, University of Chicago: Rousseau's Confessions: The Interplay of Psychosexual Desire and Cultural Discourse in His Spiritual and Secular Conversions

Steven J. Holmes, Harvard University: Nature Spirituality in Cultural and Psychological Context: Two Moments in John Muir's Relationship with the Wisconsin Landscape

Stephanie Kaza, University of Vermont: American Buddhist Response to the Land: Ecospirituality at Two West Coast Retreat Centers

Respondent: Pamela Cooper-White, Seabury Western Theological Seminary

Joint Session: Religion and the Social Sciences and Person, Culture, and Religion Group Monday, Nov. 24 9:00-11:30 am H-Union Square 5&6

Theme: The Future of Religion and Psychological Studies
William Parsons, Rice University, Presiding

Panelists: Sandra Lee Dixon, University of Denver; G. William Barnard, Southern Methodist University; Ian S. Evison, Meadville Lombard Theological Seminary; Susan E. Henking, Hobart and William Smith College; Diane Jonte-Pace, Santa Clara University


Issues related to the market economy and its impact on the academy, clinical practice and individuals have arisen in many of our discussions over the past several years. We have arranged for Dr. Ruth S. Given of the California Medical Association to provide both facts and context for our consideration.

Dr. Given completed her Ph.D. in Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. Her background in public health led her to focus on the economics of managed care and its impact on health care. She has a special concern to clarify what the respective roles of government, personal values and health care organizations should be.

Dr. Given is co-author (with John D. Wilkerson and Kelly J. Devers) of Competitive Managed Care: The Emerging Health System (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997).

Following her presentation, Christopher Ross and Andrew Kille will moderate a general group discussion.


Sandra Lee Dixon (University of Denver) is stepping down after her three-year term as Chair of the PCR Group. She offers the following testimonial regarding her experiences as Chair: "I've enjoyed being chair of the PCR steering committee and have especially appreciated the opportunities the position gave me for contact with bright, interesting, and wonderful people. The job expanded my view of the field and gave me a closer look at the workings of the AAR. I would recommend it. Why am I stepping aside? I need to concentrate on writing and publishing for tenure, as I come up for tenure review next year. I think the group will also benefit from rotating its leadership. As I move on, I think back with appreciation and satisfaction on the opportunity to serve and wish someone else equally well in their endeavors leading this group. The support of both the steering committee and the group's membership is great!" Sandy's replacement as chair of the PCR Group will be elected by the members at the Group's business meeting on the Saturday of the AAR Annual Meeting (see schedule above). If you have any candidates to suggest as possible replacements, please contact Sandy or bring their names to the business meeting. It will definitely be a challenge to find someone who can bring the same high degree of industry, integrity, and intelligence to the job that Sandy did, so please come to the Saturday meeting and help us choose a worthy successor.


Christopher Ross (Wilfrid Laurier University) has recently co-authored, with David Weiss (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences) and Lynne Jackson (University of Western Ontario), an article titled "The Relation of Jungian Psychological Type to Religious Attitude and Practices" in a recent issue of The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion (1996, 6(4), 263-279). The article describes how the authors developed a "Religious Beliefs and Practices Survey" to investigate the relations between religious orientation and Jungian psychological type. Based on the results from 195 survey participants, the authors found that the greatest differences concerned intuitive (N) and sensing (S) types: N types emphasized the undefinability of divinity, whereas S types saw the sacred and secular as clearly separate. Religious doubt was more upsetting and rules more important for S types, in contrast to overall vision for N types, who were also more open to religious change. Contact Chris if you would like a reprint of the article.

Vernon Gregson (Loyola University) reports that he is currently the chair of the section on Psychoanalysis and Religion for the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, has recently become a training and supervising analyst at the Tulane Medical School's psychoanalytic program, and is also teaching a course on psychiatry and religion to the first and fourth year students in psychiatry at LSU Medical School.

J. Harold Ellens will deliver the Henry J. Stob Distinguished Lectureship in Ethics at Calvin College and Seminary on November 4-5 on the subject "Sin and Sickness: The Problem of Human Dysfunction." He is also at work on the future theological and psychological challenges posed by biological determinism, and on the ethical dilemmas generated by courts of law imposing (often for financial reasons) medications to stabilize people with severe borderline disorders, in light of the current data that 80% of imprisoned criminals appear to fall under the borderline diagnosis. He would also like to bring to the attention of PCR members the following books and articles: Horgan, The End of Science (Broadway Press, 1996); Moss, Humanistic Psychology (Greenwood Press, 1997); Ellens (ed.), Pastoral Psychology (1997, 45(3)); Ellens, "The Interface of Psychology and Theology," Journal of Psychology and Christianity (1997, 16(1)).

Lucinda Huffaker (Wabash Center) has recently taken a position as Associate Director of the Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion. Her interests in theological education lead her to ask how PCR members go about teaching psychology of religion, and what kinds of programs can help them do it better. She encourages PCR members to see the Wabash Center web page for workshop and grant opportunities (http://www.wabashcenter.wabash.edu). And, she recommends a new book edited by Blythe Clinchy and Julie Norem, The Gender and Psychology Reader (New York University Press, 1997).

Richard Hutch (University of Queensland) is about to publish a new book, The Meaning of Lives: Biography, Autobiography, and the Spiritual Quest (Cassell Academic, 1997). The book examines how the process of reading and writing other people's lives implicates readers and authors in what is ultimately an endeavor of autobiographical introspection and reflection. Drawing on the works of William James, Erik Erikson, Martin Buber, Henry Murray, Gamaliel Bradford, and others, the book shows how their biographical methods influenced their conclusions about the nature of religious experience.

A note to PCR members: Cassell Academic is a British publisher now making an effort to enter the US religious publishing arena. Their representatives have expressed a great interest in the scholarship done by PCR members, and they have asked anyone wanting to discuss new book proposals to contact them at the upcoming AAR Meeting or via e-mail (100321.2277@compuserve.com).


Dreaming, an interdisciplinary journal, is planning a special issue on historical studies of dreaming scheduled for publication in early 2000. Contributions are invited for articles that:

Manuscripts will undergo full peer review. Manuscripts should be submitted by 1 March 1999 to Hendrika Vande Kemp, 180 N. Oakland Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91101-1714 or to Kelly Bulkeley, 226 Amherst Avenue, Kensington, CA 94708.


University of Manchester, June 22-25, 1998

Malcolm Edwards (University of Manchester) wants to let PCR members know of this upcoming conference, which he is presenting under the auspices of the Centre for Religion, Culture, and Gender. The call for papers is as follows:

The last two decades have seen an explosion of scholarly interest in the relationship of the body, representation, and subjectivity. "After the Body" aims to take stock of this development and to ask where we go from here. "After the Body" plenary speakers include Talal Asad, Mary Douglas, Page duBois, Thomas Laqueur, Roy Porter, and Bryan Turner. Proposals are invited for sessions and single papers on themes such as embodiment and narrative; self and subjectivity; historiography; symbolic systems; gender, power, and difference; sexualities; ethics and philosophy; representation and irony; race, the body, and ideology; reproductive technologies; performativity and ritual; the biomedical body. Papers may be historical, textual, philosophical, or fieldwork-based. Contributions are also welcomed from scholars whose interests are cognate with the theme of the conference.

Further details, including booking information, may be found on the centre's web site. To obtain forms for the submission of abstracts, contact Malcolm Edwards at After the Body, The Centre for Religion, Culture, and Gender, Department of Religions and Theology, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom. Deadline for the submission of abstracts is December 1, 1997.


If you have access to e-mail and are interested in carrying on discussion of issues of concern to PCR members and/or sharing resources and opportunities for the study of the relationships between religion, psychology, and contemporary cultures, we invite you to try PCR-LIST@shemesh.scholar.emory.edu.

PCR-LIST was originally hosted through the AAR as part of an experiment in using electronic communications to advance the work of selected groups in the Academy. Although a significant number of people have subscribed to the list, the volume of messages is low and not likely to burden your mailbox. The list is moderated by steering committee member D. Andrew Kille, in order to ensure that postings are relevant to the concerns and interests of PCR.

PCR-LIST is intended to serve PCR members and other interested persons as a forum for discussion of issues related to our shared concern with the relationships between religion, psychology, and contemporary cultures. The list is intended to offer opportunity for announcements and information regarding conferences, calls for papers, etc.; resources and publications of interest; ongoing discussion of work in progress; and personal support and communication among PCR members.

PCR-LIST has moved! It is now hosted at E-groups.com
To subscribe to the list, send a message to:

You will receive a confirmation of your subscription, and a list of basic commands for the list. Questions? Contact D.Andrew Kille, List Manager, at revdak@worldnet.att.net

Suggestions for Future PCR Sessions

Several ideas have been already been mentioned as possible topics for future PCR sessions, either at next year's AAR Annual Meeting or at some point farther down the road. If you have comments about the following suggestions, or if you have suggestions of your own, please share them with the members of the PCR steering committee. Each year's program is aimed at addressing those topics of scholarly, professional, and personal concern in which PCR members have expressed an especially strong interest. Tell us what you think!